Mary River Turtle (Elusor macrurus) overhead view on white background
The Mary River Turtle (Elusor macrurus) is an endangered short-necked turtle that inhabits the Mary River in South-East Queensland, Australia. This individual is a small juvenile.
In the 1960s and 1970s, they were popular as pets in Australia, with about 15,000 sent to shops every year during a ten-year period. They were originally known as the "Penny Turtle", however the Mary River turtle is one of Australia's largest turtles. Specimens in excess of 50 cm carapace length have been recorded.
This species is currently listed as endangered under Queensland's Nature Conservation Act 1992, and under the federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The international conservation body, IUCN, lists it as endangered on the IUCN Red List. It is Australia's second most endangered freshwater turtle species, after the Western Swamp Tortoise (Pseudemydura umbrina) of Western Australia. Mary River turtles are also listed in the world's top 25 most endangered turtle species.